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Everything you must know about Contraception Everything you must know about Contraception

 

With a population of about seven billion, this world surely needs a comprehensive contraceptive culture in place. Contraception is effective when one has the awareness of various forms of contraceptives and their usages. Lack of knowledge and the belief in the myths around contraception result in unwanted pregnancies and sometimes unsafe abortions. It is important to educate ourselves and remove any suspicions on contraception, to lead a healthy and balanced family life.
Contraception choices come in a variety of shapes and formulas. While contraception choices are highly individual, all methods of contraception have the same goal - to prevent pregnancy. Contraception methods range from mechanical methods that prevent sperm from entering the uterus; hormonal processes that prevent ovulation so that there is no egg to fertilize; or natural manners that require some human skill to perfect. Roughly, most of the contraception techniques can be categorized as following:
·         Oral Contraceptives
·         Spermicidal
·         Barrier Methods
·         Implants
·         Emergency contraceptive pills
·         Fertility Awareness
·         Withdrawal
Oral Contraceptives
Combined birth control pills contain two hormones, an estrogen and a progestin. They work by stopping ovulation (release of an egg) and by making the lining of the uterus thinner.
Spermicidal
Spermicides are substances that kill sperm. Usually they are used to enhance the affectivity of contraceptive barrier methods such as diaphragms, condoms, and cervical caps as they are only to some extent effective alone. Various contraceptive sponges use spermicides.
 
Barrier Methods
Condoms are the most popular device under the category of mechanical barrier; they prevent pregnancy and reproductive tract infections by stopping sperm from going into the vagina. As per the experts, if condoms are used consistently and correctly, only 2% will become pregnant over the course of an entire year.
Implants
The implant is a birth control method that offers prolonged protection against pregnancy. The implant contains a single hormone progestin, which stops ovulation and changes the cervical mucus, thus preventing pregnancy. The implant consists of one to six match-sized plastic rods which your gynecologist inserts under the skin of your upper arm. The rods release a constant dose of the hormone.
Emergency contraceptive pills
Often referred to as the ′morning after pill′, emergency contraception is pregnancy prevention after unprotected sex or suspected contraceptive failure. Emergency contraceptive pills work by providing the body a brief high dose of synthetic hormones similar to the traditional birth control pill. Emergency contraception should be taken within 3 days (72 hours) of intercourse. It is most effective at preventing pregnancy when used within the first 12 hours.
 
Myths about Contraception:-
Here we provide some widespread myths about contraception. Our advice to you is “don’t believe in these myths.”
#1 Breastfeeding females can′t get pregnant.
#2 Female problems can′t lead to get pregnant.
#3 I don′t have sex often enough to use the pill.
#4 If Male had a vasectomy then female can′t get pregnant.
#5 Pregnancy after having sex the first time is not possible.
#6 Pregnancy during period is not possible.
#7 Use of pills removes worry about pregnancy.
 
 

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