In Ayurveda, obesity is the sign of vata, pitta, and kapha imbalance. One may be obese, irrespective of the fact, that how much or how little food he takes. The Ayurvedic approach to obesity treatment is based on taking a realistic look at your body type and what it can be, and then nourishing it back to natural health. It is about getting acquainted to your body and becoming in tune with its rhythms.
In the society we find people with insatiable appetite and because of over-eating; they tend to put on weight. On the other hand, some people consume very less amount of food, even then they become obese. Therefore it is essential to understand the constitution of body before initiating the treatment. In Ayurveda, there is no universal approach to weight loss. Strategies are designed for each person after a careful analysis of the condition of the person - mind, body, and the soul. The specific approach depends on the dosha of the person.
Obesity is mostly found in the people with predominantly kapha-type constitution. This dosha is composed of water and earth. When it is imbalanced, the heavy characteristics of these elements become exaggerated and the person becomes overweight.
However, obesity can be found in people with the other two doshas also. People with pitta dosha are generally of medium build. But they can suffer from poor digestion if their digestive fire is too low. As a result, food isn't processed properly, and that, in turn, can result in weight gain or obesity. In Ayurvedic literature, there are many herbs mentioned for the stimulation of digestive system.
For people with vata dosha the problem generally is that of underweight rather than overweight. They cannot properly absorb nutrients. However, they can become overweight if they attempt to eat sweet, oily foods in an attempt to calm their vata imbalance. Looking deep into Ayurvedic literature, there are many herbs mentioned for appetite stimulation and absorption of the nutrients.
As per Ayurveda, the measures for stimulating the digestive process for weight loss should also focus on reducing ‘ama’, a byproduct of inefficient or incomplete digestion. Ama tends to clog up the circulatory, lymph, and other channels of the body. People who are overweight almost always have an excess of ama in their bodies. Getting rid of the body of its ama is a primary strategy of Ayurvedic obesity treatment.
According to Ayurveda, It is highly impractical to treat any imbalance of the physiology when ama is present and it is extremely difficult, perhaps impossible, to lose weight. This is why so many people who have limited their diets to the point of virtual starvation still have failed to accomplish their goals. Therefore it's essential to take practical steps to eliminate ama in order to lose weight and keep it off permanently. One of the principal qualities of ama is heaviness. Thus, taking care of ama is a key step in weight management through Ayurveda.
Ayurveda emphasizes the need of exercises and asanas in weight management. For each type of body composition, it suggests different type of exercises and asanas. In nutshell, it can be said that Ayurveda suggests a holistic approach of weight management depending on the composition of the body of the individual.
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