World Heart Day
World Heart Day
World Heart Day is globally held on the last Sunday of September each year to inform people about cardiovascular diseases, which are the biggest cause of death worldwide.
Cardiovascular Diseases (CVD) are the number one cause of death worldwide and this is projected to remain so, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). Cardiovascular disease causes 29% of all deaths globally each year, making it the world’s number one killer.
Risk factors that may lead to heart disease and stroke include:
High Blood Pressure (Hypertension): Uncontrolled high blood pressure can cause severe damage. It's sometimes called "the silent killer" because it has no symptoms, so you may not be aware that it's damaging your arteries, and causing heart attacks.
Diabetes: Uncontrolled diabetes can damage the eyes, nerves, kidneys, heart, and other tissues and organs in the body.
High Cholesterol: Too much cholesterol in the blood, or high blood cholesterol, can be serious. People with high blood cholesterol have a greater chance of getting heart disease.
Smoking: Smoking has a negative effect on every aspect of health—both short term and long term - and is a leading cause of preventable deaths. If you smoke, the single most important thing you can do to improve your health is to quit.
Inadequate intake of Fruit and Vegetables: Inadequate intake of fruits and vegeatables and also a diet high in fats can lead to a buildup of cholesterol/plaque in the arteries.
Overweight/Obesity: Excess weight caused by fat increases strain on the heart. Obese people have a higher than normal risk for a heart attack. The effects of obesity include hypertension, increased blood sugar levels, increased cholesterol levels.
Physical Inactivity: Regular aerobic physical activity increases your fitness level and capacity for exercise. It also plays a role in both primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease.
Stress: It might be a risk factor, or it could be that high levels of stress make other risk factors (such as high cholesterol or high blood pressure) worse.
CVD prevalence in India has risen four-fold in the past four decades. Expected to be the leading cause of death and disability by 2020, CVD already causes 29% of all deaths in the country. Indians are succumbing to heart disease and stroke in the most productive years of their lives; about a decade earlier than their western counterparts. Both the government and the business community are waking up to this threat.
Keeping this in mind, the World Heart Federation organizes awareness events in more than 100 countries - including health checks, organized walks, runs and fitness sessions, public talks, stage shows, scientific forums, exhibitions, concerts, carnivals and sports tournaments.
To achieve a healthy, powerful and prosperous India, government and non-government sectors, industries, policy makers, the media, city planners and economists all need to work together, along with the health sector, to engineer India’s growth through health.
For events and activities in different parts of India, check your local newspapers for announcements or call up your doctor/nearby hospital.