Food is a perishable commodity and requires careful handling and storage. Ingestion of contaminated food with harmful bacteria or microorganism causes food poisoning. Meat, Chicken, Fish, freshly prepared food etc are prone to contaminate, if proper care is not taken.
Microorganisms like – salmonella, clostridium, staphylococcus, listeria etc are involved in food poisoning. It is an illness caused by eating or drinking contaminated food. Microorganisms can contaminate food through either of the way –
During growing the food, vegetables, fruits etc.
During food handling – like while storing or transportation food get contaminated.
Environmental contaminants like dirt, dust, parasites etc can damage the food grain.
While processing the food there are great chances of spoilage.
There are following symptoms of food poisoning –
After ingestion of contaminated food, symptoms can appear between 4 to 48 hrs. It depends on the type of contamination or the microorganisms present in it. Generally diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, abdominal cramps are seen. Food poisoning can occur in old age people as well as in kids. It can be life threatening and requires attention.
One can follow some guidelines to avoid health problems caused due to food poisoning –
Raw food prior cooking must be stored at optimum temperature and must be thawed properly to avoid contamination.
Raw food is very important in food preparation. One must take care while handling, storing raw food material
Fruits and vegetables are perishable commodity and require more attention. Small damage to fruit or grain can spoil whole fruit if not handled properly. Fruits and vegetables must be stored under appropriate temperature before use.
Under cooked meat, chicken, egg preparation must be avoided. As it can result in food borne illness. Heating or boiling destroys the organism and makes food safe for consumption.
One must maintain personal hygiene while handling the food. Washing hands after using toilet, sneezing, coughing etc is very important. Use disinfectant before handling the food.
Use of unpasteurized milk is not at all recommended. Pasteurization kill microorganisms present in milk and make it safe for consumption.
Prepare your raw food for cooking. Properly stored raw food must be thawed, washed and cut properly to avoid contamination.
Avoid use of damaged canned food. It is a indication of contamination of the food. Home canned food lack in sanitation can spoil the food. One must be cautious while making use of canned food.