Obsessive Compulsive Disorders
In the day to day life, people face many kinds of disorders. Eating disorders is just one of them. When a person faces any kind of disturbance in his eating behavior, he is supposed to be affected by eating disorder.
The two most common eating disorders are "Anorexia Nervosa" and "Bulimia Nervosa". Taken together, these eating disorders affect 5-7% females in the U.S. Another kind of disorder, which is currently under investigation, is "Binge Eating Disorder".
- Anorexia Nervosa is a condition where a person faces extreme loss of appetite, and loses his body weight.
- Bulimia Nervosa is a kind of disorder which occurs when a person has uncontrolled bursts of overeating.
- In case of Binge Eating, a person consumes large amounts of food in very short periods of time.
- Orthorexia Nervosa is a condition where people have the obsession of eating only healthy food.
There may be many symptoms of eating disorder. In general, the symptoms include the following:
- Thinning of the bones (Osteopenia or Osteoporosis)
- Brittle hair and nails
- Dry and yellowish skin
- Growth of fine hair over body (e.g. lanugo)
- Mild anemia, and muscle weakness and loss
- Severe constipation
- Low blood pressure, slowed breathing and pulse
- Drop in internal body temperature, causing a person to feel cold all the time
- Sore throat
- Kidney problems
- Swollen glands in the neck
- Intestinal distress
- Cultural expectations and stress can lead to eating disorders.
- Environmental factors such as the impact of media on the values, norms, standards accepted by the modern society can have an influence on the eating disorders.
- Biological factors, such as obsessive-compulsive disorder and depression may also lead to eating disorder.
- Disturbed patterns of communication and lack of attention from the parents inculcate the feeling of self-care among the children, thus disturbing their eating patterns and habits.
- In case a person is suffering with any kind of experienced trauma, he may face the problem of eating disorder.
- Eating disorders and obsessive compulsive disorders may also be due to excessive exercising so as to remain in shape.
Treatment and Precautions:
In most cases of eating disorder, psychological and medicinal treatments are very effective. However, in case of severity, specific treatments have not yet been identified. In cases where the problem is serious, the treatment plan is designed according to the following factors:
- Patient's specifications, including medical care and monitoring
- Nutritional counseling
- Individual, group and/or family psychotherapy
In some cases, patients may be hospitalized so that they can be treated for malnutrition or to gain weight, or for any other reasons.
An eating disorder is a dangerous thing, which makes the body weaker and can cause numerous health complications. It is not at all enjoyable and takes over a person's life. An eating disorder induces a person to eat very large or very small portions of foods. It affects every aspect of life.
- One can get rid of the problem of eating disorders by exercising, so as to live a healthy lifestyle, thus reducing the pressure felt by dieting. As long as one follows dieting and exercising within limits, an eating disorder is much more likely to be avoided.
- Mind-body exercise of yoga can also be done as a treatment for eating disorder. This yoga exercise gives immense body and mind satisfaction. It proves to be a very good guard against eating disorder.